bibo:abstract
  • Biomaterial surfaces can be characterized by their chemical, morphologic, and electrical surface features. The adhesion and proliferation of different types of mammarian cells on various surfaces depends on polymer surface characteristics like water wettability and charge. In clinical aspect, bone to bone cement interface loosening has been one of the causes of failure of the prosthetic implantation. In this study, the bone cement was, thus, modified by mixing a monomer with amino group, which is a positively charged chemical group, to improve cellular adhesion and proliferation and to decrease bone to bone cement interface loosening. To incorporate amino-charged groups in the bone cement, we used dimethylaminoethylmetacrylate(DAEMA) as a adding material. As experimental materials, CMW1 bone cement(control) and CMW1 mixed with monomer containing 1mol% dimethylaminoethylmetacrylate(DMA1) and CMW1 mixed with monomer containing 3mol% dimethylaminoethylmetacrylate(DMA3) were used. To estimate the wettability of surface of bone cement, water contact angle was measured using contact angle goniometer and water absorption was measured using the disc samples. Osteoblasts were isolated from neonatal, Spraque-Dawley rat calvaria. After 3 culturing passages, the osteoblasts were plated on the cement disks, which are placed in a 24-well tissue-culture plate, at a density of 1×1<TEX>$$0^5$$</TEX>cells/㎠. After culturing for 2, 6, 24, and 48 hours, the number of attached cells on each cement discs were counted and cell morphologies were examined with scanning electron microscope(SEM). No significant difference in the water contact angle(63 - 64˚) is statistically found between 3 groups(P>0.05). The water absorbencies of DMA1(3.61±0.28%) and DMA3(6.70±0.56%) were higher than that of the control(2.59±0.21%). Diametral tensile strength were decreased at DMA1 and DMA3 groups in comparing with control and that of DMA3 was smallest(P<0.05). After culturing 2 hrs, the cell areas of control group was 158.1±64.2mm², while those of DMA1 and DMA3 were 280.4±102.2 and 665±209.8mm² and the shape factor of control was 0.391±0.184, while those of DMA1 and DMA3 were 0.179±0.056 and 0.274±0.144, respectively. The osteoblasts that cultured on the DMA1 and DMA3 cement discs were well spread and flattened than control cement discs at each culturing periods. Attached cell number on DMA1 and DMA3 cement plates were increased than that of control cement disc(P<0.05). There is, however, no significant difference between DMA1 and DMA3(P>0.05) at each culturing period. In summary, well spread osteoblasts and increased attachment and growth of them were observed, when they were plated on the amino-charged cement discs. The histocompatibility of the amino-charged cements may increase the attachment between bone and cement. However, mechanical strength may decrease due to higher water absorbency. The author will further study to find the material that is cytocompatible and that does not lead to deteriorate mechanical properties. (rdf:langString) (en)
nlon:biographicalNote
  • 김승수, 한국화학연구소 (xsd:string)
  • 김용식, 가톨릭대학교 정형외과학교실 (xsd:string)
  • 류나연, 한국화학연구소 (xsd:string)
  • 성진형, 가톨릭대학교 정형외과학교실 (xsd:string)
  • 신상영, 가톨릭대학교 정형외과학교실 (xsd:string)
  • 우영균, 가톨릭대학교 정형외과학교실 (xsd:string)
  • 정규식, 생명공학연구소 (xsd:string)
nlon:classificationNumberOfNLK
  • 514.305 (xsd:string)
nlon:containedIn
dc:creator
  • 김승수 (xsd:string)
  • 김용식 (xsd:string)
  • 류나연 (xsd:string)
  • 성진형 (xsd:string)
  • 신상영 (xsd:string)
  • 우영균 (xsd:string)
  • 정규식 (xsd:string)
dcterms:creator
nlon:datePublished
  • 2021-01-30T23:37:12 (xsd:dateTime)
dcterms:description
  • Affinity of osteoblasts on bone cements incorporated with amino groups (xsd:string)
bibframe:extent
  • 28 cm (xsd:string)
  • p. 919-928 (xsd:string)
dcterms:isPartOf
nlon:issuedYear
  • 1997 (xsd:string)
nlon:itemNumberOfNLK
  • 대483 (xsd:string)
rdfs:label
  • 아민기를 포함한 골 시멘트에 대한 골모세포의 친화성 / 성진형, 김승수,김용식,류나연,정규식,신상영,우영균 (xsd:string)
dcterms:language
dc:subject
  • Aminogroups (xsd:string)
  • Bone cement (xsd:string)
  • Osteoblast (xsd:string)
  • 골모세포 (xsd:string)
  • 시멘트 (xsd:string)
  • 아민기 (xsd:string)
  • 친화성 (xsd:string)
dcterms:title
  • 아민기를 포함한 골 시멘트에 대한 골모세포의 친화성 (xsd:string)
rdf:type
nlon:volumeOfNLK
  • 32(4) (xsd:string)